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Enslaved People Known to Have Been Owned by Josephine Andry, Adonais Andry, or Louis Armand Garidel, 1841-1865 (years owned 1113 Chartres Street) 

 

 

NAME            AGE                          DESCRIPTION    

                                                                 *Descriptions found in records at Orleans Parish Notarial Archives

 

 

Annette          24                            "Annette mulatresse around twenty-four years old, and her three children Antonia quadroon nine                                                                            years old, Jean Baptiste seven years old & Auguste six years old...It is understood that the slaves who                                                                      are the object of the presents are subject to a provision in the will of the late Mr. Manuel Andry who by                                                                 an act in the last will received by the undersigned Notary on the nineteenth of July eighteen hundred                                                                     thirty-nine, bequeathed to the members of his family certain slaves among whom are found those                                                                           mentioned above, under the express condition that they will have the right to their freedom, to wit:                                                                         those below the age of ten when they reach the age of thirty, and those above the age of ten after                                                                             twenty years of service, counting from the day of his death which took place the eighteenth of                                                                                   December eighteen hundred thirty-nine."

                                                         -Josephine Andry bought Annette, along with her three children and Jean, from other heirs of her late                                                                    husband, Manuel Andry, following his death, for the collective sum of 3100 piastres. She bought the                                                                        property at 1113 Chartres St. the same year and, very likely, brought the enslaved people on this list to                                                                    live there. By the terms set forth in Mr. Manuel Andry's will, Annette should have been emancipated by                                                                his heirs 20 years after his death, in or around 1859. Further research is being conducted to see if and                                                                    when these instructions were followed by Mr. Andry's heirs, and what happened to Annette following her                                                            emancipation. 

 

Antonia          9                               "Antonia quadroon nine years old..."

                                                          -Antonia was sold to Josephine Andry during the division of Manuel Andry's estate in 1841 along with                                                                    her siblings and mother for 3100 piastres. By the terms set forth in Mr. Manuel Andry's will,                                                                                      Antonia should have been emancipated when she turned 30 in or around 1861. Further research is                                                                        being conducted to see if and when these instructions were followed by Mr. Andry's heirs and what                                                                        happened to these formally enslaved people following their emancipation. 

 

 

Jean Baptiste   7                             "Jean Baptiste seven years old..."

                                                          -Jean Baptiste was sold to Josephine Andry during the division of Manuel Andry's estate in 1841 along                                                                     with his siblings and mother for 3100 piastres. By the terms set forth in Mr. Manuel Andry's will,                                                                             Jean Baptiste should have been emancipated when he turned 30 in or around 1864. Further research is                                                                 being conducted to see if and when these instructions were followed by Mr. Andry's heirs, or if he                                                                           was, rather, emancipated by the state of Louisiana in or around 1864 (when slavery was officially                                                                           outlawed in the state for the first time.)

 

 

Auguste          6                                "Auguste six years old..."

                                                           -Auguste was sold to Josephine Andry during the division of Manuel Andry's estate in 1841 along                                                                              with his siblings and mother for 3100 piastres. By the terms set forth in Mr. Manuel Andry's will,                                                                              Auguste should have been emancipated when he turned 30 in or around 1865. Auguste's emancipation                                                                  may have come from the state of Lousiana first, in or around 1864. Further research is being conducted                                                                to determine his fate.

 

 

Jean                 20                              "Jean mulatto twenty years old..."

                                                            -Josephine Andry bought Jean, along with Annette and her three children, from other heirs of her late                                                                     husband, Manuel Andry, for the collective sum of 3100 piastres. By the terms set forth in Mr. Andry's                                                                     will, Jean should have been emancipated in or around 1859. Further research is being conducted to                                                                         determine his fate. 

 

 

 

Louis             No age given              "The second share is composed of four slaves, named Louis, Sophie and their two children Laurentine                                                                      and Angelle..."

                                                              -Although the records are somewhat unclear in this case, Louis seems to have been sold to Josephine                                                                      Andry in 1841 along with his family as part of the division of her husband, Manuel Andry's, estate. By                                                                    the terms set forth in in Mr. Andry's will, Louis should have been emancipated in or around 1859. 

 

 

Sophie           28                                  "...the slaves Sophie, Griffonne [the meaning of this is unclear, may be a nickname for the above                                                                              enslaved man, Louis] of twenty-eight to twenty-nine years, and her two children Laurentine, mulatresse                                                                of eight to nine years, and Angelle, black child of three to four years."

                                                              -Sophie was sold for 1500 piastres, along with her family, to Josephine Andry as part of the division of                                                                    Manuel Andry's will in 1841. By the terms set forth in Mr. Andry's will, Sophie should have been                                                                              emancipated in or around 1859. 

 

 

Laurentine    8                                  "Laurentine, mulatresse of eight to nine years..."

                                                             -Laurentine was sold for 1500 piastres, along with her family, to Josephine Andry as part of the division                                                                  of Manuel Andry's will in 1841. By the terms set forth in Mr. Andry's will, Laurentine should have been                                                                  emancipated in or around 1863. 

 

 

Angelle           4                                  "Angelle, black child of three to four years."

                                                              -Angelle was sold to Josephine Andry during the division of Manuel Andry's estate in 1841 along                                                                              with his or her family for 1500 piastres. By the terms set forth in Mr. Manuel Andry's will,                                                                                          Angelle should have been emancipated when he or she turned 30 in or around 1867. Angelle's                                                                                  emancipation, therefore, likely came from the state of Lousiana in or around 1864.

 

 

Edouard         11                                 "A young negro named Edouard aged around eleven years..."

                                                               -Edouard was sold to Josephine Adonais Andry Garidel from a fellow heir, Hortaire Andry, for 600                                                                            piastres in 1841. By the terms set forth in Mr. Andry's will, Edouard should have been emancipated in                                                                    or around 1860. 

 

 

Louise           No age given                "The answer of Miss Marie Joseph Adonais Andry to the petition of her mother and praying also by                                                                          virtue of the last will of her father to select the slave Louise at the price contained in the inventory..."

                                                                -In Mr. Andry's will, he stated: "I bequeath to my daughter Adonaïs Andry a female slave, to be chosen                                                                    by her among those included in my inheritance." Louise was the enslaved woman selected by Mr.                                                                            Andry's daughter, Marie Josephine Adonais, per his will. It is likely that Louise was older than 10 years                                                                  old at the time of Mr. Andry's death, and she therefore should have been emancipated in 1859, per the                                                                    terms of the will. 

 

 

Cecile            No age given                 "That your petitioner is ready now to make her said choice and does choose and select the slaves                                                                              named Cecile, Leandre & Victoire alias Ourika, all three belonging to the community of acquests and                                                                      gains which has existed between her and her said late husband."

                                                                -In Mr. Andry's will, he stated: I bequeath to my wife Josephine Laveau Trudeau....Three slaves, to be                                                                      chosen by her among those included in my inheritance." Cecile is one of three enslaved people to                                                                            be selected by Mrs. Andry, per her husband's will, after his death. Cecile was subject to the terms                                                                              of the will, and most likely should have been emancipated in 1859. 

 

 

Leandre        No age given                "That your petitioner is ready now to make her said choice and does choose and select the slaves                                                                              named Cecile, Leandre & Victoire alias Ourika, all three belonging to the community of acquests and                                                                      gains which has existed between her and her said late husband."

                                                                -In Mr. Andry's will, he stated: I bequeath to my wife Josephine Laveau Trudeau....Three slaves, to be                                                                       chosen by her among those included in my inheritance." Leandre is one of three enslaved people to                                                                         be selected by Mrs. Andry, per her husband's will, after his death. Leandre was subject to the                                                                                     terms of the will, and most likely should have been emancipated in 1859. 

 

 

Victoire/Ourika  No age given          "That your petitioner is ready now to make her said choice and does choose and select the slaves                                                                              named Cecile, Leandre & Victoire alias Ourika, all three belonging to the community of acquests and                                                                      gains which has existed between her and her said late husband."

                                                                -In Mr. Andry's will, he stated: I bequeath to my wife Josephine Laveau Trudeau....Three slaves, to be                                                                       chosen by her among those included in my inheritance." Victoire/Ourika is one of three enslaved                                                                             people to be selected by Mrs. Andry, per her husband's will, after his death. Victoire/Ourika was                                                                               subject to the terms of the will, and most likely should have been emancipated in 1859. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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